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Journal of Austrian Studies
Formerly Modern Austrian Literature
Edited by Todd Herzog and Hillary Hope Herzog

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ISSN  2165-669X






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Subscription includes membership in the Austrian Studies Association, formerly known as the Modern Austrian Literature and Culture Association.

The Journal of Austrian Studies is an interdisciplinary quarterly that publishes scholarly articles and book reviews on all aspects of the history and culture of Austria, Austro-Hungary, and the Habsburg territory. It is the flagship publication of the Austrian Studies Association and contains contributions in German and English from the world's premiere scholars in the field of Austrian studies. The journal highlights scholarly work that draws on innovative methodologies and new ways of viewing Austrian history and culture. Although the journal was renamed in 2012 to reflect the increasing scope and diversity of its scholarship, it has a long lineage dating back over a half century as Modern Austrian Literature and, prior to that, The Journal of the International Arthur Schnitzler Research Association.

Volume 49, Numbers 3-4 (Fall-Winter 2016)

Contents

Articles
Spielerische Gedanken: Economic Crisis and Financial Speculation in Hugo Bettauer’s Die Stadt ohne Juden and Its Adaptation by Hans Karl Breslauer
William H. Carter
Hugo Bettauer’s hugely successful novel Die Stadt ohne Juden (1922) offers a unique view of Austria during the early 1920s. This analysis of the novel and Hans Karl Breslauer’s 1924 adaptation explores how economic crisis and financial speculation function in these satirical texts. Economic matters permeate both texts and act as catalysts for both the expulsion of the Jews and their welcome return. This study analyzes how Bettauer and Breslauer, incorporating contemporary Austrian economic history, portray economic crisis and financial speculation as primary factors contributing to the political oppression and expulsion of the Jews. Bettauer’s novel not only recalls the effects of World War I and the dissolution of the Habsburg Empire but also questions the future of Vienna and Austria. Despite ostensibly happy endings, both texts provide ominous visions of the future.

Pre-Positioning the Narrator: Circumspection, Speaking-For, and Foreknowledge in Adalbert Stifter’s “Granit”
Doreen Densky
This article explores Adalbert Stifter’s “Granit” (1852/53) as a paradigmatic text for tracing the narrator’s position against the backdrop of postclassical narratology. Specifically, the article uses the interrelations of perception, speech, and knowledge in what can be referred to as “prepositional” thought: in notions of circumspection, speaking-for, and previous knowledge as they unfold over the course of the story. By juxtaposing two different kinds of narrators—the first-person frame narrator and the oral storyteller of the embedded stories—“Granit” brings to the fore issues of authority, reliability, and memory. At the same time, it challenges the histoire/discours binary, unsettles any rigid narrator-audience relationship, and presents the grand narrative of a community in dialogue with a personal petit récit.

Der Notlicht-Skandal als Backstage-Nachspiel. Beobachtungen zu Bernhards Der Ignorant und der Wahnsinnige anhand von Hennetmairs Tagebuch
Peter Höyng
Based on the diary of Karl Ignaz Hennetmair, the essay re-examines the scandal around Thomas Bernhard’s second play Der Ignorant und der Wahnsinnige at the Salzburg Festival in 1972. Claus Peymann, the stage director, not only demanded that the theater should be dark, as Bernhard’s play states, but in addition asked to have the emergency lights completely turned off. This last-minute request escalated into a public scandal and ultimately led to the cancellation of further public performances at the festival. Contrary to common perception and official statements by the author, Bernhard showed a high degree of ambivalence toward this scandal. He was first and foremost concerned to pursue his own interests and career. Whereas Bernhard wanted in public to be perceived as decisive and in control of it, his reaction to the demands of Peymann and the festival director were at best half-hearted. The close analysis of the public outcry allows for dissecting Bernhard’s behavior vis-à-vis his artistic output, a knot that otherwise scholars seem to be unable to separate. In the end—and with an unintentional twist—the scandal actually mirrors the backstage-play itself.

“Zwischen zwei Welten zerissen”: Class Identity and Spaces of Liminality in Musil’s Die Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törleß
Matthew J. Sherman
In contrast to the emphasis on sexuality found in much of the scholarship on Musil’s Törleß, this paper offers an alternative, yet complementary reading that underscores notions of class. The paper argues that the novel represents how a socially transgressive undertaking may be understood as establishing the boundaries of a subject’s identity. It focuses on two spaces—the prostitute’s room in the village and the boys’ secret loft in the school—to consider the physical spaces represented in the novel as a map on which one can trace the crisis of a fragmented subject pushed into liminality, into hidden spaces, beyond the gaze of a society facing the choice between modernity and tradition in Austria-Hungary. For Törleß, the exploration of social transgression ends with the coming of age into his class, the bourgeoisie.

Words without Borders: The Multicultural Dialogue of Manfred Winkler’s Poetry
Monica Tempian
Born in the former Austro-Hungarian province of Bukowina, German-language writer, translator, painter, and sculptor Manfred Winkler (1922–2014) spent much of his lifetime and his long career crossing geographical, national, ideological, and linguistic borders. Perhaps best known as Paul Celan’s most important translator into Hebrew, he remains one of Israel’s most challenging contemporary poets due to his intercultural writing involving German. This article reflects and explores the incredible variety of Manfred Winkler’s border crossings and positions his writing in its various cultural contexts. It outlines the central themes and tendencies in the work of a writer who represents the darkness of war by orchestrating the memory of the Shoah and the events of the Jewish-Arab conflict with a sense of grief rather than from a position of judgment and in so doing delineates the fault lines and turning points of much of the twentieth century.

Reviews
Gerd-Hermann Susen und Martin Anton Müller, eds., Hermann Bahr-Arno Holz: Briefwechsel 1887-1923. Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2015. 208 pp.
Raymond L. Burt

Gennady Vasilyev, Wiener Moderne: Diskurse und Rezeption in Russland. Literaturwissenschaft 47. Berlin: Frank & Timme, 2015. Top of Form. 444 pp.
Katherine Arens

Bernhard Marx, “Meine Welt beginnt bei den Dingen”: Rainer Maria Rilke und die Erfahrung der Dinge. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2015. 245 pp.
Francis Michael Sharp

Jörg Schuster, “Kunstleben” Zur Kulturpoetik des Briefs um 1900—Korrespondenzen Hugo von Hofmannsthals und Rainer Marie Rilkes. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink, 2014. 396 pp.
Diana Cordileone

Sema Colpan, Amália Kerekes, Siegfried Mattl, Magdolna Orosz, and Tatin Teller, eds., Kulturmanöver: Das k.u.k. Kriegspressequartier und die Mobilisierung von Wort und Bild. Budapester Studien zur Literaturwissenschaft 18. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2015. 374 pp.
John E. Fahey

Bernd Neumann, Franz Kafka und der Große Krieg. Eine kulturhistorische Chronik seines Schreibens. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann 2014. 425 S.
Ulrike Schneider

Christopher Hohlbaum, Kafka im Comic. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2015. 450 p.
Rosie MacLeod

Erica Weitzman, Irony’s Antics: Walser, Kafka, Roth and the German Comic Tradition. Evanston: Northwestern UP, 2015. 257 pp.
Pamela S. Saur

Annja Neumann, Durchkreuzte Zeit: Zur ästhetischen Temporalität der späten Gedichte von Nelly Sachs und Paul Celan. Heidelberg: Winter, 2013. 348 pp.
Traci S. O’Brien

Gernot Wimmer, ed., Ingeborg Bachmann und Paul Celan: Historisch-poetische Korrelationen. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2014. 200 pp.
Jens Klenner

Bianca Rosenthal, From Czernowitz to the German Order of Merit: A Memoir of Cultural History and Autobiography. San Luis Obispo, CA: Graphic Communication Institute at Cal Poly, 2015. 322 pp.
Joseph W. Moser

Lore Knapp, Formen des Kunstreligiösen. Peter Handke–Christoph Schlingensief. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink, 2015. 379 S.
Teresa Kovacs

Loreley French, Roma Voices in the German-Speaking World. New York: Bloomsbury, 2015. 275 pp.
Roxane Riegler

Marta Wimmer, Poetik des Hasses in der österreichischen Literatur: Studien zu ausgewählten Texten. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2014. 277 pp.
Pamela S. Saur

Felix Mitterer, Jägerstätter. Translation by Gregor Thuswaldner with Robert Dassanowsky. Introduction by Gregor Thuswaldner. Studies in Central European History Culture & Literature. New Orleans:, U of New Orleans P, 2015. 106 pp.
Vincent Kling

Katherine Arens, Belle Necropolis: Ghosts of Imperial Vienna. New York: Peter Lang, 2015. 231 pp.
Michael Burri

Doren Wohlleben and Paul Michael Lützeler, eds., Hermann Broch und die Romantik. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2014. 230 pp.
Jacob van der Kolk

Gerd K. Schneider, Grenzüberschreitungen. Energie, Wunder und Gesetze. Das Okkulte als Weltanschauung und seine Manifestationen im Werk Arthur Schnitzlers. Wien: Praesens Verlag, 2014. 234 S.
Guy Stern

Roy Knocke and Werner Treß, eds., Franz Werfel und der Genozid an den Armeniern. Europäisch-jüdische Studien Beiträge 22. Oldenbourg: De Gruyter, 2015. 178 pp.
Francis Michael Sharp

Harald Neumeyer und Wilko Steffens, Hrsg., Kafkas narrative Verfahren. Band 3. Kafkas Tiere. Band 4. Forschungen der Deutschen Kafka-Gesellschaft. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2015. 509 S.
Silke Schwaiger

Klaus von Schilling, Das gelungene Kunstwerk: Paraphrasen zu Kafka und Hildesheimer. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2015. 421 pp.
Andreas Oberprantacher

Rob McFarland, Red Vienna: White Socialism and The Blues. New York: Camden House, 2015. 214 pp.
Rosie MacLeod

Jeremy Adler, Das bittere Brot: H. G. Adler, Elias Canetti und Franz Baermann Steiner im Londoner Exil. Göttingen: Wallstein, 2015. 117 pp.
William Collins Donahue

Juri Giannini, Maximilian Haas, and Erwin Strouhal, eds., Eine Institution zwischen Repräsentation und Macht: Die Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst im Kulturleben des Nationalsozialismus. Reihe Musikkontext 7. Vienna: Mille Tre Verlag, 2014. 392 pp.
Katherine Arens

John Klapper, Nonconformist Writing in Nazi Germany: The Literature of Inner Emigration. Studies in German Literature, Linguistics, and Culture. Rochester, ny: Camden House, 2015. 453 pp.
Vincent Kling

Timothy Pytell, Viktor Frankl’s Search for Meaning: An Emblematic 20th-Century Life. New York: Berghahn, 2015. 208 pp.
Tim Corbett

Nora Boeckl, Wirklichkeit als Versuchsanordnung: Postavantgardistisches Schreiben in der österreichischen Gegenwartsliteratur des Postmillenniums am Beispiel von Thomas Glavinic. Würzburg: Könighausen & Neumann, 2015. 203 pp.
Laura McLary

Kirk Wetters, Demonic History: From Goethe to the Present. Evanston: Northwestern UP, 2014. xvi and 250 pp.
Vincent Kling

Timothy K. Conley, Screening Vienna: The City of Dreams in English-Language Cinema and Television. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2016. 447 pp.
Laura A. Detre

Susanne Hochreiter, Bernhard Oberreither, Marina Rauchenbacher, Isabella Schwentner, and Katharina Serles, eds., Ein Zoll Dankfest: Texte für die Germanistik: Konstanze Fliedl zum 60. Geburtstag. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2015. 395 pp.
Raymond L. Burt